New FEC Complaint Calls Out Widespread Illegal Coordination By Republican Groups

The American Democracy Legal Fund has filed a supplemental complaint with the FEC against numerous Republican political campaigns and state parties, in addition to Data Trust, the RNC, American Crossroads, Crossroads GPS, the Koch-funded Americans for Prosperity, and i360, alleging illegal coordination.

The new complaint targets more than two dozen campaigns and state parties, including McFadden for Senate, Steve Daines for Montana, Cotton for Senate, Tom Reed for Congress, Scott Rigell for Congress, McSally for Congress, the Arizona Republican Party, the Montana Republican State Central Committee, and the West Virginia Republican Party, Inc., in addition to the RNC, American Crossroads, Crossroads GPS, Americans for Prosperity, GOP Data Trust LLC, and i360 LLC.

ADLF’s previous related complaint is available here, and the new complaint is available in full below and here. The American Democracy Legal Fund holds candidates for office accountable for possible ethics and/or legal violations. It was established by David Brock and is run by Brad Woodhouse.





American Democracy Legal Fund

455 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20001




Republican National Committee

310 First Street, SE

Washington, DC 20003


American Crossroads

P.O. Box 34414

Washington, DC 20043


Crossroads GPS

P.O. Box 34413

Washington, DC 20043


Americans for Prosperity

2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite #350

Arlington, VA 22201


GOP Data Trust LLC

735 8th Street SE, Suite #200

Washington, DC 20003


i360, LLC

2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite #800

Arlington, VA 22201


Arizona Republican Party

Timothy Lee, Treasurer

3501 North 24th Street

Phoenix, AZ 85016


Montana Republican State Central Committee

Debra Brown, Treasurer

PO Box 935

Helena, MT 59624


West Virginia Republican Party, Inc.

Michelle Wilshere, Treasurer

700 Washington Street – East Suite 201

Charleston, WV 25301


Andrew Walter

Andrew Walter for Congress

Chris Marston, Treasurer

PO Box 13321

Tempe, AZ 85284


Ben Sasse

Ben Sasse for US Senate Inc.

Mark Fahleson, Treasurer

105 East 6th Street

Fremont, NE 68025


Bob Goodlatte

Bob Goodlatte for Congress Committee

Kenneth Lorenz Prickitt, Treasurer

PO Box 292

Roanoke, VA 24002


Bobby Schilling

Bobby Schilling for Congress

Mitch Heckenkam, Treasurer

367 Avenue of the Cities – Suite D

East Moline, IL 61244


Carl DeMaio

Carl DeMaio for Congress

PO Box 27227

San Diego, CA 92198


Elizabeth Cheney

Cheney for Wyoming

Mark Vincent, Treasurer

961 Recluse Ct

Casper, WY 82609


Tom Cotton

Cotton for Senate

Bradley Crate, Treasurer

PO Box 379

Dardanelle, AR 72834


Doug Ose

Doug Ose for Congress

Vona Copp, Treasurer

9321 Silverbend Lake

Elk Grove, CA 95624


Elise Stefanik

Elise for Congress

James Morris, Treasurer

PO Box 338

Willsboro, NY 12996


Paul Dietzel

Friends of Dietzel

Brandon Lagarde, Treasurer

PO Box 286

Baton Rouge, LA 70821


Karen Handel

Handel for Senate Inc.

Roger Santi, Treasurer

3970 Old Milton Parkway

Alpharetta, GA 30005


William Hurd

Hurd for Congress

Bradley Crate

PO Box 656

Helotes, TX 78023


Steve Lonegan

Lonegan for Senate Inc.

Scott B. Mackenzie, Treasurer

38 East Ridgewood Ave – Suite 181

Ridgewood, NJ 07450


Lynn Jenkins

Lynn Jenkins for Congress, Inc.

Paul Kilgore, Treasurer

PO Box 727

Huntington, WV 25711

Matt Rosendale

Matt Rosendale for Montana

Bill Vancanagan, Treasurer

1954 Hwy. 16

Glendive, MT 59330


Mike McFadden

McFadden for Senate

Paul Kilgore, Treasurer

PO Box 4039

Saint Paul, MN 55104


Martha McSally

McSally for Congress

James Thomas III, Treasurer

PO Box 19128

Tucson, AZ 85731


Mike Turner

Mike Turner for Congress

Kyle Walton Denham, Treasurer

615 N. Hudson – Suite 320

Oklahoma City, OK 73102


Rob Wittman

Rob Wittman for Congress

Steve Ralls, Treasurer

PO Box 999

Montross, VA 22520


Matt Schultz

Schultz for Iowa

David Overholtzer, Treasurer

PO Box 3522

Urbandale, IA 50323


Scott Rigell

Scott Rigell for Congress

Joseph B. Wood, Jr., Treasurer

915 First Colonial Road – Suite 100

Virginia Beach, VA 23454


Steve Daines

Steve Daines for Montana

Lorna Kuney, Treasurer

PO Box 1598

Helena, MT 59624


Dan Sullivan

Sullivan for US Senate

Eric Campbell, Treasurer

3705 Arctic Blvd. #447

Anchorage, AK 99503


Tom Reed

Tom Reed for Congress

Marc Valerio, Treasurer

PO Box 10847

Rochester, NY 14610






The American Democracy Legal Fund files this complaint with the Federal Election Commission (the “FEC” or “Commission”) under 2 U.S.C. § 437g(a)(1) against the above named respondents (collectively “Respondents”) for numerous violations of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, as amended (the “Act”).  This complaint supplements a previous complaint submitted to the Commission on October 14, 2014, regarding millions of dollars in illegal “coordinated communications” facilitated through the ongoing, real-time exchange of non-public strategic campaign and party data with groups making purportedly “independent” expenditures (the “Complaint”).

As detailed in the Complaint, the RNC has created a for-profit entity, the Data Trust, charged with maintaining and sharing a vast database of information about hundreds of millions of Americans for Republican parties and campaigns.  The Data Trust not only operates the RNC’s voter file, however, but also provides the same data to American Crossroads, Crossroads GPS, and numerous other outside organizations that are legally required to operate independently of the Republican Party and its candidates.  Moreover, the RNC and the Data Trust have recently partnered with i360, a data management firm that supplies voter information to other conservative organizations, including the Koch brothers’ Americans for Prosperity (“AFP”), one of the largest outside organizations supporting the Republican Party.

The Data Trust and i360 have implemented technical upgrades that allow the RNC, Republican campaigns, and any outside groups subscribing to either the Data Trust’s or i360’s voter database to not only “access voter information anytime . . . but update it instantly, so others viewing the voter lists can see the information immediately.”[1]  According to the terms of Data Trust/i360  partnership,

Clients of either The Data Trust or i360 can improve the data shared with all clients.  For example, if a client of either company conducting voter outreach identifies a voter attribute or preference, clients of the other organization will benefit from that information.  As a result, conservative groups and campaigns will have more information about voters at their disposal for their own activities than ever before.[2]

This move to a real time exchange of non-public, strategically material data through a common vendor constitutes “coordination” under the Act, and means that the purported “independent expenditures” of American Crossroads, Crossroads GPS, AFP and other outside organizations are in fact, excessive, illegal, in-kind contributions to the RNC and other Republican parties and campaigns uploading their information to the Data Trust and i360..

Reports filed with the Commission have revealed the identities of some of the Republican state party committees and federal candidate committees that are using i360’s voter database services, and, therefore, passing on crucial, nonpublic voter information to i360’s other “independent” clients, entities that are legally prohibited from coordinating with the party and candidate committees.  The attached schedule of disbursements disclosed on reports filed with the Commission proves that at least 25 Republican candidate committees are using i360 as a vendor.  These candidates are paying i360 for such services as “voter contact database subscriptions,” “list acquisition,” “canvassing subscriptions” and “data management monthly canvassing apps.”  Moreover, news reports indicate that at least three Republican state central party committees are using i360 for similar voter database and canvassing services.[3]  These Republican state party committees and federal candidate committees are identified above as Respondents to this Supplemental Complaint.

The Commission’s regulations explain that an expenditure for a communication will be considered an in-kind contribution to a campaign or party if it is (1) paid for by an entity other than the party, candidate or candidate’s campaign; (2) meets certain content standards, including by being a public communication that expressly advocates the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate; and (3) meets certain conduct standards, including the payor and the candidate, the candidate’s opponent, or a political party using a common vendor.[4]  The “common vendor” standard is satisfied if the payor uses a particular vendor to create, produce or distribute a communication;[5] when that vendor has provided certain specific services to the candidate identified in the communication, that candidate’s opponent, or a political party during the previous 120 days, including “identifying voters or developing lists”;[6] and the vendor then uses or conveys to the payor material information about the candidate’s or the political party’s plans, projects, activities, or needs, or information used previously in providing services to the candidate or the political party.[7]

Here, the disbursements to i360 by the state party committees and candidate committees prove that i360 is serving as a “common vendor” for the committees and for outside groups that are required to remain independent of those committees.  Moreover, public statements made by AFP, the RNC and others show that i360’s technology automatically passes material information about the committees’ plans and activities to any and all outside groups that also subscribe to i360, down to the very issues the committees are discussing with a given voter at a given time.[8]

Accordingly, each and every time another group pays for a public communication that expressly advocates the election or defeat of any of these candidates, or mentions these candidates, their opponents, or the Democratic or Republican parties in a communication airing within the relevant candidate’s or party’s jurisdiction within 120 days of an election, all three components of the Commission’s “common vendor” test for coordinated communications are satisfied.  The payments for the communications are therefore excessive, prohibited contributions to the candidates and state parties.  For example, AFP has made nearly $350,000 in supposedly “independent” expenditures opposing U.S. Senator Mark Pryor.[9]  Senator Pryor is the opponent of Respondents Tom Cotton and Cotton for Senate, which is a client of i360.  Similarly, AFP has made over $100,000 in expenditures opposing U.S. Senator Mark Begich.[10]  Senator Begich is the opponent of Respondents Dan Sullivan and Sullivan for US Senate, another i360 client.  It appears these expenditures constitute coordinated communications and excessive contributions under the Commission’s “common vendor” rule.

We respectfully request that the Commission immediately investigate these newly named Respondents to determine their involvement in what now appears to be a massive scheme to flaunt the Commission’s ban on coordinated communications.  The Commission should determine the extent to which these new Respondents have accepted excessive contributions in the form such coordinated communications, enjoin Respondents from further violations of the Act; and assign the maximum fines permitted by law.

[1] Alex Roarty, “Did the GOP Just Take a Big Leap Forward in Data?” National Journal (July 14, 2014), available at

[2] GOP Data Trust, “Data Trust and i360 Announce Historic Data Sharing Partnership” (Aug. 28, 2014), available at

[3] Jon Ward, “The Behind the Scenes Story of the RNC’s Quest for Data Supremacy,” (Apr. 18, 2014), available at

[4] See 11 C.F.R. §§ 109.21(a), (c)(3), (d)(4).

[5] See id. § 109.21(d)(4)(i).

[6] See id. § 109.21(d)(4)(ii)(G) (emphasis added).

[7] See id. §§ 109.21(d)(4)(iii)(A), (B).

[8] See Complaint at 3-7.

[9] See Americans for Prosperity 24-Hour Independent Expenditure Report (Oct. 25, 2014), available at

[10] See Americans for Prosperity 24-Hour Independent Expenditure Report (Oct. 25, 2014), available at

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